Results: across the follow-up, participants were less likely to be married, falling from 85.0 to 40.4% between ages 50 and 80, while the proportion of those living alone increased from 13.1 to 54.2%.In separate growth curve models, being married, living with others and not feeling lonely were all associated with higher cognitive ability level, while more telephone contact had a negative association.
Participants also provided information concerning a range of social resources, including marital status and living arrangements from age 50, and from age 70, details regarding social support, social contact and loneliness.Lifestyle factors that are less prone to reverse causation, including resources derived from social contact and engagement, offer promising avenues . Leute kennenlernen dinslaken Aspects of an individual's social environment have been associated with better functional and health outcomes , longevity  and cognitive ability or reduced cognitive decline [5–9].Samtlige værelser indeholder minibar, hårtørrer, kaffe/te, fladskærms tv med satellit programmer, separat badeværelse, mørklægningsgardiner samt internetadgang.Background: to examine associations between social resources and cognitive ageing over 30 years.
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Identifying determinants of cognitive ageing is vital.Attention has focused on mentally stimulating activities; however, their protective effects are potentially confounded by the stability of cognitive ability .The current analyses considered data collected from ages 50 to 80 years; sample size at age 85 was substantially reduced, and no social resources were assessed at age 90.Waves of the Glostrup 1914 Cohort were conducted under local or institutional ethical approval commensurate with the regulatory framework of the period.Marital status (at ages 50 and 60) and loneliness at age 70 were the only social resources associated with cognitive change; married individuals and those not feeling lonely experienced less cognitive decline.
When the social resources showing significant associations were considered together (and accounting for sex, education and social class), loneliness was associated with lower cognitive ability level and greater cognitive decline, while married individuals experienced less decline.
Participants reported their marital status at each assessment, as married, cohabiting, divorced/separated, widowed or single.
At ages 50–70, participants reported the number of people they lived with and the number of rooms in the house.
Aspects of social resources were recorded covering various structural, emotional or instrumental elements [3, 17].
These have been described in detail previously, including test–retest reliability and qualitative interviews to explore face and content validity .